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Deformed Babies in Jars… Museum Vrolik | CVLT Nation
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Forces of Form : The Vrolik Museum
New Paperback Quantity Available: 2. Seller Rating:. The part of the skull that surrounds the brain consists of a relatively small number of larger pieces of bone. The bones are normally connected with skull sutures, which are somewhat similar to zippers. Often, a small tube called the cerebral aqueduct or the aqueduct of Silvius that carries liquid from the brain to the spinal cord is obstructed. The consequence is that the amount of fluid entering the brain increases continually, but does not leave it anymore. The brains are then pushed outwards and the skull grows to facilitate this.
Without medical intervention, this deformation leads to severe mental impairment and often to death. The most important contemporary treatment consists of the placement of an artificial tube that drains excessive brain fluid. Tightlacing Liver. Three livers, deformed by the wearing of a corset. In the 19 th century, corsets were meant to provide their wearers — mostly women- with a slim waist as dictated by the fashion of the times.
Enduring pressure from the corset resulted in deformations of the rib cage, lungs, diaphragm, and liver. The compression of the lungs and diaphragm led to breathing disorders, but the liver was not restricted in its functioning by the wearing of a corset. Corsets existed in all kinds and shapes. As a result, the deformations of the liver equally differ. The liver in the middle was partly divided into two by the corset see the large cavity on the left side. A siren is a mythical creature from Greek mythology. Just like a mermaid, the siren is human on the upper side, fish on the lower. Sirenomelia is a congenital syndrome that in respect of shape reminds strongly of a siren or mermaid.
There is only one leg, which sometimes ends in one foot, sometimes, two, but also often none at all. A remarkable detail is that sex organs and anus are usually lacking and that the pelvis and knee joint seem to have been placed the wrong way around. The knee thus bends forward. The cause of sirenomelia has not been well explained.
Children with this disorder typically die during birth.
Collections Vrolik, Bolk, and unknown. Two dried penises stuffed with wax, one with part of the dried bladder and part of the pubic bone the front side of the pelvis attached. The technique to inject tissue with coloured wax was invented in the 17 th century by anatomist Frederik Ruysch and extensively applied until the 19 th century.
Especially tissue with many blood vessels or hollows was suitable to be dried after being pumped full, such as hearts, large arteries, placentas and penises. The penis consists, apart from a urinal tract, of erectile tissue that fills with blood during sexual arousal. Collection Vrolik. Chinese foot.
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The deformed lotus foot from the late 19 th century can be seen as the Chinese equivalent to the tightlacing liver. For this beauty ideal the feet were fractured, often with young girls. The heel bone was pressed against the metatarsal bones, after which the foot was swathed. The result was a deformed, severely underdeveloped foot. Chinese women with lotus feet were very often prostitutes.
The deformation made them hardly able to walk. Their clumsy waddle was deemed to be attractive by men. Giant Hand. A plaster cast of the hand of a giant from Japan. Gigantism also: giantism or acromegaly is an overgrowth syndrome in which excessive growth hormone is produced. This happens in the pituitary gland, a small organ underneath the brain. The hypersecretion of growth hormone is mostly caused by a benign tumour in the pituitary gland. Collectie Vrolik.
Harlequin Baby. It is a genetic skin condition that must be very painful for the foetus.
The aberration is caused by a severe swelling of the stratum corneum , the outermost skin layer that consists of dead cells or corneocytes. Motion in the uterus causes the thickened skin to rip in many places. The foetus on the left was born around and was described at length by Gerard Vrolik.
Skeleton development. Foetus of around six months old, conserved in a clearing agent, a liquid that makes tissue translucent. The bones have been chemically coloured to render the bone formation visible. The skeleton of a foetus initially consists entirely of cartilage.